Tag Archives: NAS

Modify Synology Photo Station Default Directory

By default, Synology Disk Station will only accept one photo directory as the photo station source. But sometimes you want to re-connect the existing photo directory that you already have, or migrate the photo directory to a bigger hard disk volume. You can’t select multiple photo directories unless you install the Synology Media Server application.

If you don’t want to do that, the only solution is to change your photo station default directory to the hard disk volume that you preferred.

After you installed the Photo Station on your Synology NAS, go to Control Panel and refer to the “Shared folder” page.

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As you can see now, the default shared folder of the Photo Station is pointing at “Volume 1”, So our task now is to migrate it to “Volume 2”.

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Setup external access to your Synology NAS

2 Ways

There are 2 ways to setup external access for your Synology NAS, the first way is to setup Synology QuickConnect ID. The other method is to setup router port forwarding. If you are using QuickConnect ID definitely would be safer compare to router port forwarding method because you have to manage your router security better if you are doing it your way.

A standard port to access Synology NAS HTTP is port 5000. HTTP then required port 5001. To access photo station externally then you required a port 80. Surveillance Station required standard port 5000 or 5001.

Synology Network Ports

You can see the complete list of network port for Synology NAS, refer to here.

https://www.synology.com/en-us/knowledgebase/DSM/tutorial/General/What_network_ports_are_used_by_Synology_services

Although in the network port list, they mentioned required port 9000 or 9001 for Surveillance Station, but I noticed that exposing port 5000 and 5001 is sufficient enough.

Router Port Forwarding

Let’s say, for an example if your Synology NAS URL is, http://192.168.0.108:5000/webman/index.cgi

You can set your router port forwarding like below,

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If your external IP address (router IP address) is like 175.200.142.46, you can access your Synology NAS using http://175.200.142.46:20000/ then you can see your Synology NAS login screen.

For cloud station, just access it with http://175.200.142.46:20001/ will do.

In order to test if your Synology NAS successfully exposed to external access, use Google Paping to double check with “paping 175.200.142.46 -p 20001”.

*Most importantly, setup your Synology NAS properly, please refer to here.*

 

Installing Synology NAS on Virtual Machine

Always starts with virtual machine

Let’s us start with installing the Disk Station on virtual machine, before we install it on real hardware. A standard 4-bay Synology NAS could cost more than USD 450 alone, without any hard drive installed. So the idea here is to re-used some of the old PC hardware, and then install the Synology Disk Station on it.

But before we go for a real one, probably the best idea now is to install the Synology Disk Station on a virtual machine. Try it out first before you spend hundred dollars on new hardware.

Preparation

The first step is to select a simple and good virtual machine for the installation. So i decided to pick Virtual Box from Oracle. Simple, easy to configure and use less memory than other virtual machine.

Secondly, we must select the correct version of bootable XPEnology, a compatible Synology Disk Station version and download proper tools for installation.

Virtual Box Version: 5.0.14

XPEnology Bootable version: XPEnoboot_DS3615xs_5.1-5055.1.iso

Disk Station version: DSM_DS3615xs_5055.pat

Surveillance Station version: SurveillanceStation-bromolow-7.0-3762.spk

Installation

First step, install the virtual box 5.0.14 version, other version is acceptable too.

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Second step, create a virtual machine for SynologyNAS

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Choose Linux Operating System, Synology Disk Station basically developed under Linux Platform. and pick Linux 2.4 (64 bit) version. I noticed that the XPEnology bootable won’t work if you pick 32-bit linux version. Some PC might not support 64-bit, You can try to enable the virtualization support in BIOS see if it helps.

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Select at least 2GB ram for Synology Disk Station installation on a virtual machine.

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Create a virtual machine hard disk, allocate at least 20GB for it.

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Here is the final result.

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Configure the Synology Disk Station virtual machine

Go to settings, and configure the network adapter. Change the network adapter type to “Bridge” instead of NAT”, This step will make your Synology Disk Station connect directly to your router.

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Choose a virtual optical disk file on the storage tab. pick the XPEnoboot_DS3615xs_5.1-5055.1.iso

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Start the virtual machine, XPEnoboot will load for a few minute, If you can see the login screen means all the steps are correct.

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From your another PC, access http://find.synology.com, this page will help you to look for new DiskStation within your network.

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Start setting up the Disk Station.

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Choose a manual installation, and then pick the DiskStation file DSM_DS3615xs_5055.pat from your local PC that you downloaded earlier.

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will need around 10-20 minutes for Synology DiskStation installation.

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If you can’t see find your Synology DiskStation from the http://find.synology.com, then you can try to look for the IP address on your router DHCP device list.

You can manually access the Synology DiskStation with this URL on port 5000,
http://192.168.0.105:5000/

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Setting up user account

After the installation completed, the next important step is to setup an admin user account.

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Change the DSM Update Settings to “Download DSM updates but let me choose whether to install them”, don’t pick the automatically option. Because we are going to hack the Surveillance Station later, Synology update will override everything if we picked that.

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After completed the user account, you can login to the DiskStation, you would see the desktop.

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You can try to login using the account that you created earlier on the linux command prompt.

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Done. That’s all.

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